Have you ever wondered how computer scientists, programmers, and developers come up with all the fantastic innovations in the tech world? How do they build such complex algorithms, write long codes, and create unique pieces of software?
If you have ever asked yourself these questions or are interested in a career path that allows you to create something from scratch, then a career like software engineering might be perfect for you.
Software engineers are in high demand in every industry and business sector – from government and banking to healthcare and education. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the need for software engineers will grow by 22 percent over the next decade.
This piece will examine how typical software engineer career paths may span out in the tech world and provide the information that you may need to kickstart your software engineering career.
What is Software Engineering?
Software engineering is an engineering discipline that covers the design, development, and testing of software systems. It also includes testing, verifying, and maintaining the functionality of the code.
The software engineering process includes requirements analysis, design, coding, unit testing, integration testing, debugging, and user acceptance testing (UAT). Also, it includes building and deploying the final product.
As a software engineer, you will be creating software in various categories such as operating systems, games, middleware, business applications, and network control systems.
How to Start a Career in Software Engineering
Software engineering is one of the most popular and lucrative careers in the tech world. The demand for software engineers is skyrocketing, which has led to a boom in the number of colleges and universities offering computer science majors.
If you are keen on pursuing a career in software engineering, it is essential to learn what kind of computer science major you want to go for and how to land a job. Here are some of the things you need to do as you embark on your career.
- Figure out your skills and what you want to learn
- Enroll for a technical degree or a software engineering course
- Keep practicing your coding skills
- Find a development platform and create projects
- Get professional certification
- Enroll in a software engineering boot camp to kick start your career
A Software Engineer’s Career Path
Software engineering is a job title that applies to a variety of different roles or specialties. For example, you could be working as a software engineer for an organization developing mobile apps for iPhone devices or creating software for computer systems that manage complex operations throughout an office building.
Whatever your area of expertise, you are likely to follow a particular career path. It is important to note that this is just an example, as it may vary according to the company.
Junior Software Engineer
Since your experience level is low when starting your career, you will likely start in an entry-level position. As a junior software engineer, you will develop innovative new solutions as per the customer’s requirements.
You will work under a team leader who will offer mentorship and guide you to learn developmental skills. This position will provide you with an opportunity to gain hands-on experience on real-life software projects.
Senior Software Engineer
After working in the entry-level position for a few years, you will have mastered the software development cycle, learned new programming languages, written code, and debugged existing software. At this point, you will be ready to move to the next level and become a senior software engineer.
Here, you will have added responsibilities such as designing, testing, and implementing high-level software programs. You may take on a managerial role and have a small team working under you. In addition to implementing the set software budgets, you will also ensure that your team completes their jobs on time and as required.
As a tech lead, you will manage a team of technical personnel at the company, including software development or engineering teams. Some of the tasks that you will be required to carry out include
- Troubleshoot any technical issues that involve software engineering
- Supervising system modifications
- Hiring and training technical personnel
- Performing security audits to identify areas of improvement
- Coming up with performance targets your team
- Assigning roles and work to your team members
To be successful in this role, you will be required to have considerable experience in software development and work with a team effectively. You may also be required to make progress reports to the company’s stakeholders, which impacts the decision-making process.
If you have excellent management skills, you will progress to a team manager’s role. In this position, your job will be to manage and oversee software applications’ software design and development.
In addition, you will be directing the work of engineers to ensure the best practices around software development. As a manager, you will also be responsible for the welfare of all subordinate staff and oversee their daily performance of their jobs.
Your primary role as a technical architect is to design and manage IT systems for business clients. You will also be responsible for the evaluation, design of new technology systems, and the implementation of programs and projects. In addition, you will need to train and coordinate with the software development team and liaise with clients to ensure that they are satisfied with the services offered.
Chief Technology Officer (CTO)
Typically, you will be at the pinnacle of your software engineering career when you reach this stage. As an executive employee with an eye on company goals, it will be your responsibility to ensure that everyone works hard to meet its technological needs.
This includes leveraging technology to align with company objectives and goals. A CTO reports directly to the Chief Information Officer (CIO) or the Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
Top Career Paths for a Software Engineer
If you want to choose the right career path, you need to understand what is in demand. To help you out with this, I have created a list of some of the most in-demand career paths for a software engineer.
Back-end engineering is the process of building the backbone of a software product. Back-end engineers are responsible for creating the core logic and systems that allow the front-end to function correctly. As a back-end engineer, you are responsible for building the APIs, databases, and servers that front-end engineers and UX designers eventually use.
Full-Stack Web Engineering
A full-stack web engineer is a hybrid of a front-end and a back-end developer. As a full-stack web engineer, you will be responsible for the entire user experience of your website, including the website’s complete look and feel, all down to the individual pixels on each page. This also includes the functionality behind the scenes that enables seamless navigation through the website.
Mobile App Engineer or Developer
The mobile app engineer is a programmer who develops mobile apps. When working in this role, you will be responsible for developing, designing, and maintaining iOS, Android, and other mobile platforms.
You will also be responsible for assessing client or user needs and creating app prototypes based on those needs. Additionally, you will be required to translate mobile app features into concise user manuals and ensure that they fit the overall project framework.
A data engineer is a person who builds the systems to process and store data. This person is responsible for building data pipelines. As a data engineer, you need to know how to analyze and interpret data. Also, you will need to be knowledgeable about databases, cloud computing, and other data-related technologies.
Game or Graphics Engineering
A game or graphics engineer designs computer-generated graphics and animations that help recreate a realistic image of a particular scene in a video game or 3D animation. They are responsible for the visual aspects of a game, making sure that everything appears realistic and attractive.
Cyber Security Engineering
Cyber security engineers are the backbone of any organization’s cyber security program. In this role, you will be responsible for preventing and mitigating the risks of a cyber-attack. You will manage its firewalls, secure access to its IT systems, and develop defensive strategies to safeguard against cyber threats.
As a front-end engineer, you will be primarily responsible for creating the visual elements of a website or web application. In addition, you will need to make sure that it works across all browsers, devices, and platforms. A front-end engineer is also called a UI/UX Engineer, a designer, a developer, or a web engineer.
What Skills Should a Software Engineer Have?
As a software engineer, you need to understand computer science and other introductory programming languages and have an eye for detail. In addition, you should be able to work effectively with other teams to create or modify existing software programs. To be successful in this career, you will need to possess some crucial skills, as discussed below.
Hard or Technical Skills
Having hard skills will demonstrate your ability or expertise to perform your tasks in the required manner. If your goal is to become a software engineer, here are some hard skills you will need to develop.
- Basic front-end and back-end coding knowledge
- Software testing
- Object-Oriented Design (ODD)
- Software development
- Debugging your written code
As a software engineer, you need to know how to communicate and interact with people. You also need to understand the importance of soft skills and how they can help you in your career as a software engineer—being aware of how you can be an integrated part of the team rather than being a lone wolf is crucial. Here are the soft skills that you will need to develop.
- Communication skills
- Attention to detail
- Active team player
Responsibilities of a Software Engineer
A software engineer’s responsibilities vary and depend on their role and the team they are working with. Your responsibilities would also differ from one project to another. Some of the duties and responsibilities of a software engineer include;
- Developing and maintaining databases
- Writing algorithms
- Designing user interfaces
- Testing and debugging code
- Train junior engineers
- Coordinate and supervise the installation of new systems
How Much Does a Typical Software Engineer Earn?
Software engineers are among the highest-paid professionals in the US today. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average salary of a software engineer was $119,865 in 2018 and $151,150 in 2020. The average salary of a software engineer varies greatly depending on their experience level, location, industry, and company.
Frequently Asked Questions about a Software Engineer’s Career?
Answer: A Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science, Software Engineering, Computer Programming, Software Development, or Mathematics is the most common academic credential for entry-level software engineer positions. However, some employers may accept a high school diploma and ten or more years of relevant experience.
Answer: Joining a coding boot camp is an inspiring way to become a software engineer in half the time of college. Code camps can make you into an efficient software engineer in as little as six months with suitable coursework and guidance.
Answer: A software engineer is in charge of designing, developing, maintaining, testing, and evaluating computer software. Software developers are the people who build software from scratch. They write code for desktop applications like Photoshop, mobile apps like Instagram and Twitter.
Answer: Software engineers work on a variety of projects, each with its unique challenges. Their position allows them to be in control of all the project details. But that does not mean that the role is stress-free. The deadlines, clients, and complex software can be stressful, but most of the time, it is gratifying.
Answer: Software engineers’ remunerations range between $80,000 – $120,000 per year. A software engineer’s salary varies by their experience and expertise in specialized skills like software development, JAVA, or Python. Other factors can include the level of knowledge a software engineer has with technology like Microsoft, C#, or SQL.
Software engineering is one of the most exciting and challenging professions out there. But if you follow your passion, work hard, and remain open-minded, you will reap the benefits of success.
Once you enroll for your software engineering course, look for opportunities where you can sharpen your skills. Ensure that your coding skills are perfect while you look for chances to work on real-life projects. After getting your professional certification, enroll in a boot camp that will give you invaluable exposure as you kickstart your career.
Software engineering is a rewarding career where you get to shape both your future and the future of technology.